Knossos by Clay and Matt

Have you ever wondered what Knossos was?

This is Knossos
This is Knossos

Here is the link to the picture from Google Images


Knossos, a beautiful palace established around 7,000 B.C., was designed by Dedalos and built by the Minoan Civilization. The Minoans are credited as being the first European civilization. Knossos is located in Crete, a small island near Greece. This palace was huge, about five and a half acres. The material Knossos was built of is called ashlar, which is a combination of concrete and stone, used as a substitute for brick.

The Story of Dedalos

King Minos ordered Dedalos to build a complex palace of which no one could find their way out. After it was finished, King Minos kept Dedalos as a prisoner because he didn’t want him to release the secrets of the design. As a prisoner, he made two pairs of wings for himself and his son Ikaros to fly out. Ikaros flew too close to the sun and his wing burned and he fell to the ocean and drowned.

Rooms in Knossos

Inside of Knossos there are corridors, a central courtyard, a throne room, large baths, enormous storage rooms, workshops, weapon storage, prison chambers and more. Outside of the palace, there are small houses, markets, fairs, workshops and more. It is estimated Knossos had approximately 1,300 rooms. The palace had three liquid managements systems: one to supply clean water, one for drainage of rain water and the other for the dirty water. Knossos also had aqueducts that brought fresh water to the town and the palace. Knossos was designed to take as much natural light during the summer days as it could. The rooms on the courtyard had large and wide windows with multi-doors to receive the light. Each room had a fireplace for heating, but there is no evidence of a central heating system. They used charcoal in the fireplace.


Here is a picture of Knossos today
Here is a picture of Knossos today

Here is the link to picture from Google Images

Knossos Trade Routes

The trade routes from Knossos established communications and goods from such different areas as Turkey, Cyprus, Egypt, Afghanistan and Scandinavia. Common goods that were traded were copper, ivory, amethyst, lapis-lazuli, carnelian, gold, amber and other important items.

If you want some pictures of the materials that were traded please go to the slideshow at the bottom of the page.


This is a map of Crete, Knossos is located on Crete
This is a map of Crete, Knossos is located on Crete

Here is the link from Google Images

Knossos Disasters

The palace of Knossos was only destroyed twice in its history, once from fire (roughly in 1700 B.C.) and a wall collapse, the second time from a major earthquake. After the earthquake, Knossos was shattered in pieces. In the 1800s, Sir Arthur Evans started to rebuild some sections of Knossos. That’s why you can see Knossos today. Knossos receives about one million visitors every year.





Please try to answer some of these questions.


When was Knossos established?

Who built Knossos?

What hill was Knossos built on?

How many acres is Knossos?

What material was Knossos made out of?

What was Dedalos' son name?

About many rooms were estimated in Knossos?

Can you name 4 rooms in Knossos?

How many liquid management systems were in Knossos?

How did Knossos receive water?

Name three items that were traded by Knossos?

Who started to rebuild Knossos in the 1800s?





Here is all the info on the wiki, in a slideshow

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Books

Burrell, R. E. C., and Peter Connolly. "The palace at Knossos." The Greeks . New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. 10-11. Print.

Chisholm, Jane, Lisa Miles, and Struan Reid. "Minoan Places." The Usborne encyclopedia of ancient Greece . London: Usborne, 1999. 16-17. Print.

Websites

http://web.archive.org/web/20040705013248/www.lksd.org/kongiganak/kongiganak/ContinuousEdCarnagie/Carnagie/WorldHistory/WldHistoryCh3/WldHistoryCh3Minoans.htm

"Heraklion Knossos Palace: Information about the Minoan Palace of Knossos in Heraklion, Crete." Greek Islands, Greece travel guide, Greece hotels by Greeka.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2010. <http://www.greeka.com/crete/heraklion/heraklion-history/palace-knossos-heraklion.htm>.
"Knossos." Greek Landscapes: Photo Travel Guide to Greece. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2010. <http://www.greeklandscapes.com
"Knossos Minoan Palace - Asmat.eu." Asmat.eu - all about travel [travelogues, photo galleries, diving information]. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2010. <http://www.asmat.eu/scripts/article.php?Article=214-knossos-minoan-palace>.
"Knossos, Greece.." Ancient-Wisdom.Co.Uk - Index of Ancient and Sacred Sites.. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2010. <http://www.ancient-wisdom.co.uk/greeceknossos.ht